This stunning unique artwork was originally gifted by Persian artists and introduced to Indians in the 14th century under the Bahamani Sultans who ruled over Bidar, Karnataka State.
A beautiful amalgam of metals such as copper and zinc, Bidri contains the pure qualities of both the metals. The black color of the Bidri metal is obtained from zinc while copper contributes to the temporary color of the metal.
Several intricate designs have been experimented with this type of metal, while maintaining the visual and aesthetic appeal. Bidri art is a treat for art collectors and connoisseurs all across the world.
Currently, Bidriware is produced mostly in Karnataka, in a small township known as Bidar. This craft was deeply loved in ancient times, and was appreciated by royalty.
The journey of Bidriware from ancient to modern India is incredibly rich and interesting. The origins of Bidriware culture starts from Persia, but it gets its unique look after its fusion with Indian culture. The popularity of Bidriware has been increasing day by day across the globe. Bidriware places itself as the largest exported handcraft in the world from India
'Bidriware' name represents its source of origin ‘Bidar’, a place in Karnataka State. The legacy artwork was first introduced to India by the Bahamani sultans Ahmed Shah Al Wali Baihmani, who was the ninth ruler of the Baihmani dynasty (1422-1436) and carry forward to next-generation through his son Allauddin Baihmani II. Ahmed Shah Al Wali Baihmani was a great benefactor of arts and culture.
He was impressed by the Iran great art culture therefore he invited the talented Iranian craftsman and master of bidriware Abdullah bin Kaiser, for embellishing the palaces and courts. Abdullah bin Kaiser trained Indian artisans to produce masterpieces, especially for royal families. Allauddin Baihmani II took interest to promote this bidri art; afterward, bidri grew its reputation throughout India. The Nizam of Hyderabad introduced bidri art form in Aurangabad.
The technique of Bidri involves several steps, including melting the alloy, casting, engraving, intricate inlay work and oxidizing.
A molten alloy of zinc and copper comprises the key makeup of metals used for this unique craft.
Bidri Fort clay is mixed with ammonium to give a permanent black coating on the object. What's interesting to note is nowhere in the world is this technique possible- the soil in Bidar is mined from a place where there is no daylight- making this magic happen.
The real beauty of Bidri is showcased when delcate bronze and silver wire is used to incise patterms and grooves into the metal.
Once the product is ready, a delicate hand of coconut oil is applied to the surface to enhance and deepen the matte black coating.